About 80% of the total baryonic matter of the Universe is in the form of a very hot X-ray emitting plasma, which fills the very large gravitational well in clusters of galaxies. This intra-cluster medium (ICM) is rich in heavy elements (O, Mg, Si, S, Ca, Fe, Ni,...), which do not have a primordial origin. Instead, these atoms have been created by billions of supernovae within cluster galaxies since a major star forming epoch, then spread out and accumulated over cosmic time into the ICM. Using X-ray observatories, I study these metal abundances in the ICM, in order to understand their precise supernovae origins, as well as their transport mechanisms.
- Mernier, F., de Plaa, J., Kaastra, J. S., Zhang, Y.-Y., Akamatsu, H., Gu, L., Kosec, P., Mao, J., Pinto, C., Reiprich, T. H., Sanders, J. S., Simionescu, A., and Werner, N.
Radial metal abundance profiles in the intra-cluster medium of cool-core galaxy clusters, groups, and ellipticals
2017, A&A, 603, A80
- Mernier, F., de Plaa, J., Pinto, C., Kaastra, J. S., Kosec, P., Zhang, Y.-Y., Mao, J., Werner, N., Pols, O. R., and Vink, J.
Origin of central abundances in the hot intra-cluster medium. II. Chemical enrichment and supernova yield models
2016, A&A, 595, A126
- Mernier, F., de Plaa, J., Pinto, C., Kaastra, J. S., Kosec, P., Zhang, Y.-Y., Mao, J., and Werner, N.
Origin of central abundances in the hot intra-cluster medium. I. Individual and average abundance ratios from XMM-Newton EPIC
2016, A&A, 592, A157
- Mernier, F., de Plaa, J., Lovisari, L., Pinto, C., Zhang, Y.-Y., Kaastra, J. S., Werner, N., and Simionescu, A.
Abundance and temperature distributions in the hot intra-cluster gas of Abell 4059
2015, A&A, 575, A37
- Mernier, F., and Rauw, G.
An XMM-Newton view of the M 17 nebula
2013, NewA, 20, 42
- de Plaa, J., and Mernier, F.
Future perspectives for abundance measurements in clusters of galaxies with XMM-Newton
2017, Astron. Nachr., 338, 299
- Akamatsu, H. Gu, L., Shimwell, T., Mernier, F., Mao, J., Urdampilleta, I., de Plaa, J. Röttgering, H. J. A., and Kaastra, J. S.
Suzaku and XMM-Newton observations of the newly discovered early-stage cluster merger of 1E2216.0-0401 and 1E2215.7-0404
2016, A&A, 593, L7
- Ichinohe, Y., Werner, N., Simionescu, A., Allen, S. W., Canning, R. E. A., Mernier, F., and Takahashi, T.
The growth of the galaxy cluster Abell 85: mergers, shocks, stripping and seeding of clumping
2015, MNRAS, 448, 2971
Here are some of my scripts and routines you may find useful...
Fits a set of intra-cluster abundances with a combination of supernova yield models. Several models (either SNcc or SNIa) are available and can be updated or created.
/!\ If you use abunfit.py for a publication, please cite:
Mernier, F., de Plaa, J., Pinto, et al. 2016b, A&A, 595, A126
/!\ If you use the abundance measurements reported in abunfit/cluster/ for a publication, please cite:
Mernier, F., de Plaa, J., Pinto, et al. 2016a, A&A, 592, A157
/!\ If you use the supernova yields reported in abunfit/ for a publication, please cite the original papers accordingly.
I was born in 1989 in Brussels (Belgium). After high school, I did a bachelor in physics at the Université Libre de Bruxelles, and a master in space sciences at the University of Liège, before starting my PhD in the Netherlands. In my spare time, I play keyboards (self-taught) and sports (swimming, fencing, indoor football). In addition to astronomy (both research and teaching), I have interests in cinema, rock/jazz music, and actuality.
SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research
NL-3584 CA Utrecht (The Netherlands)
Phone: +31 (0)88 777 5875
Email: F.Mernier _at_ sron.nl
Niels Bohrweg 2
NL-2333 CA Leiden (The Netherlands)
Phone: +31 (0)71 527 8414
Email: mernier _at_ strw.leidenuniv.nl